What is the impact of tax when selling a business? Most small business owners spend a lot of time wrestling with the decision about when they will put their business on the market and try to sell it. There is no question that selling a business is an important decision for its owner as it touches many aspects of their life. These aspects of their life include their financial security, their perception of how successful the business has been or alternatively, has the owner taken the business as far as they can take it. However, probably the most important aspect of all is what the owner wishes to do with their future and whether or not they see themselves owning and operating the business.
All of the above and many more reasons take time to consider arriving at the right answers. If the owner no longer sees themselves owning and operating the business and wish to sell, there is an important need to consider the tax implications if they sell the business. The tax implications happen at two levels. The first level is the tax consequences preparing the business for sale. The second level is the impact on taxes when the business moves from the current owner to the buyer. If you are considering selling your business, here are some tax consequences to consider as you contemplate whether or not you will sell the business.
- Understand the differences between a Stock sale and an Asset sale. Buyers generally prefer an Asset sale as it eliminates legal liabilities and allows the buyer to start depreciating assets all over again.
- Consider maximizing the amount of charitable contributions to closely held business interests
- Consider receiving some of the purchase price of the business in installments such as through payment of a salary, a management agreement or a consulting agreement, This allows the seller of the business to receive income when they stop working in the business and therefore no income tax for wages or salaries.
- The tax benefits of an installment sale. An installment sale allows the seller to be paid some of the proceeds from the sale of the business to later years thereby spreading out or deferring to future years the tax liability the income would generate.
- An additional strategy with the last suggestion is to increase the rate of interest the seller is paid on the installment sale once again deferring to future years the tax liability.
- Understand that the value the business sells for revolves around the discretionary earnings of the business so all cash that flows through the business is reported, non business discretionary items are no longer run through the business and any unusual one off occurrences are clearly documented so a buyer can see they are not a normal part of the way the business operates. For example, the business may have a settlement with an employee that involves a one-time payment or the owner may be going through a divorce and paying the attorney fees through the business. These one-off events reduce the profitability of the business but the appraiser should not consider these when they appraise the business.
The tax treatment for different types of legal entities is not the same. A sole proprietor, LLC or partnership will have much different tax outcomes to a corporation. The tax treatment may be entirely different for an S Corporation than a C Corporation. If the owner of the business wishes to maximize their tax position it requires an appropriate amount of planning and guidance.
Because the tax impact from selling or buying a business is complex and can create tension in the transaction, a company that specializes in business exit tax strategies to help both buyers and sellers is Walker Advisory Services in Texas. Walker Advisory Services can work directly with you to offer their tax planning suggestions or in conjunction with your CPA or tax agent. Their specialization of tax planning strategies exposes them to this difficult area of tax law and uniquely positions them to support the nuances that relate to the selling of a business or buying of a business.
Andrew is a 5-time business owner that helps entrepreneurs exit or enter business ownership. His services include helping owners sell and/or buyers purchase an existing business or consult on purchasing a franchise. He also provides certified machinery and equipment appraisals and business valuations.